Intersectionality (or intersectional theory) is a term first coined in 1989 by Americn civil rights advocate and leading scholar of critical race theory, Kimberle Williams Crenshaw. It is the study of overlapping or intersecting social identities and related systems of oppression, domination, or discrimination. All of us have a public persona (seen) as well as our private persona (unseen). What people know, or think they know, about us is not all there is to us.


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This Thursday, February 23rd, from 6:00 to 7:30, is Open House at Sussman Middle School. Be sure to make plans to attend. You don’t want to miss this great opportunity to visit your teachers as well as see and be seen at the best middle school in Downey.

  • Highlights include:

    • Taco Truck

    • Almonds made fresh & served warm

    • ASB Bake Sale

    • Book Fair in the Library

    • New Spirit Wear just for girls



    • New HRL: due Tuesday, 2/28
    • New AoW: annotations with text tags and commentary due 2/22
    • Invitation to Open House
    • New HRL
    • New AoW: annotations with text tags and commentary due 2/22
    • Short expository essay on “Intersectionality”
    • New HRL
    • New AoW: annotations with text tags and commentary due 2/22
    • Short expository essay on “Intersectionality”


On September 13, 1953, the New York Times featured the wedding of John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Bouvier on the front page. The article contained a photograph of the bride’s intricate gown and a detailed description of its “ivory silk taffeta, embellished with interwoven bands of tucking, finished with a portrait neckline and a bouffant skirt.” The only thing missing from the coverage was the name of Ann Lowe, the dress designer.


Ann Lowe’s story is remarkable. She was born in 1898, in Clayton, Alabama, the great granddaughter of a slave woman and plantation owner. With little more than a few years of education in the segregated schools of turn-of-the-century Alabama, sewing lessons from her mother and grandmother, and encouragement from her early clients, Lowe became a designing powerhouse. She learned her craft in her family’s custom dress shop in Alabama. Her mother died when she was just 16. At the age of 18, she moved to Florida in 1916, where she quickly became a premier custom dressmaker.

Her success in outfitting the debutantes of Tampa for their weddings and fancy dress balls allowed Lowe to move to Manhattan in the fall of 1927. “I just knew that if I could come to New York and make dresses for society people,” she said in an 1966 Oakland Tribune interview, “my dreams would be fulfilled.”


Lowe designed dresses for other fashion houses at first, throughout the Great Depression and World War II, but by 1950, she was working steadily at her own Madison Avenue dress salon. Her elegant work was embraced by members of the Social Register, and in 1957, the New York Times celebrated Lowe as an expert in the field “who has been turning out impeccably dressed debutantes for twenty years, and charges up to $500 for her custom-made evening stunners.” Lowe’s gowns appeared with proper credit in VogueVanity Fair.and Town and Country magazines throughout the 1950s and 1960s. After closing her shop for financial reasons in 1960, she became a featured designer at the prestigious Adam Room at Saks Fifth Avenue. Lowe reopened her salon in 1964.

During a 1965 appearance on the Mike Douglas Show, Lowe explained that the driving force behind her work was not a quest for fame or fortune but a desire “to prove that a Negro can become a major dress designer.”

Lowe was also inspired by a true love for couture design and her lifelong exposure to custom dressmaking. “I feel so happy when I am making clothes,” she explained in the Oakland Tribune interview, “that I could just jump up and down with joy.”

Lowe’s dresses were important to her. “I like for my dresses to be admired,” she told the Saturday Evening Post in 1964. “I like to hear about it—the oohs and ahs as they come into the ballroom. Like when someone tells me, ‘the Ann Lowe dresses were doing all of the dancing at the cotillion last night.’ That’s what I like to hear.”


Through the highs and lows of her groundbreaking career, Lowe continued to live simply, wearing her own designs and focusing on her work in her modest Harlem apartment until her retirement in 1972. Miss Lowe died in 1981.